It’s important at this stage that the group starts to develop an understanding of the part each person will play. The team has just been introduced to each other and the task has been allocated. This is an interesting psychological moment as team members tend to behave independently at this stage.

Tuckman Was Wrong! Doc Norton on Reteaming Models –

Tuckman Was Wrong! Doc Norton on Reteaming Models.

Posted: Tue, 02 Apr 2019 07:00:00 GMT [source]

The reality and the weight of completing the project has now most likely settled in. Becoming a manager for the first time is a career milestone. You’re no longer just responsible for yourself but also have to lead a team. The team growth framework suggests that unless the issues of processes and feelings have been satisfactorily addressed, it is unlikely that the team will reach the most productive final fifth stage. If you are putting together a team to work on a project then it can be helpful to have an idea of what to expect.


Harappa Education offers a course called Managing Teamwork which walks you through the stages of team development and the application of the Tuckman model of forming, storming, norming, and performing. The last stage, and usually missing from the famous ‘forming storming norming performing’ line, is adjourning. This is when the group breaks up once it has completely fulfilled its task. Project groups exist only for a predetermined time period and even permanent groups can be dissolved while restructuring an organization or an institution.

tuckman model of team development

There is a theory that a team has to go through five stages of team development before it can fully reach its potential. The team also needs to be trained in how to resolve its inevitable conflicts during the storming phase of the Tuckman Model. The team will use its knowledge of conflict resolution to come up with agreements and rules for the norming phase of the model. However, during the norming stage, there can be a few overlaps with storming.

Bruce Tuckmans Model Of Team Development

Tuckman’s Theory gives a solid idea of what most teams go through. These stages were proposed by psychologist Bruce Tuckman and were named tuckman model of team development Tuckman’s Model. It always takes time for a new team to get used to each other and each other’s various different ways of working.

People work in different ways due to all sorts of situations but a serious mismatch of different working patterns can lead to problems. Storming is among the stages of team building a lack of agreement comes to making group decisions. Sometimes team members could challenge the leader and compromises may be required to move ahead.

What Is Tuckmans Theory?

If they have reached the performing stage then there could be a sense of mourning if they have grown close. This is the stage where egos may start to show themselves and tempers may flare. The team may disagree on how to complete a particular task or voice any concerns.

tuckman model of team development

As new tasks appear, there may still be some incidents of conflict. However, as you’ve already gone through the worst part these disagreements may be easier to address. Each of these rhyming stages are aptly named and plays a significant role in building a highly functioning business team. Maybe it is possible to say that has never been a time of greater conflict between members of newly formed teams than during today’s world of huge corporate change, where relationships are made and changed so fast. As all stages have their own focus, they also correspond to a different set of feelings, behaviors and group tasks.


You need coordination and collaboration, which is especially tough with many people still working remotely because of the coronavirus pandemic. The most common is that teams go through a series of different levels before effectiveness is achieved. Some teams don’t make it to this stage, so if you do it’s a real achievement. It’s the stage that every group will hope to make as it’s when you can get your best work done.

Whilst there may be good spirits and good intentions, the trust won’t be there. By studying this theory and being able to spot the stages in real life, you can prepare yourself for what lies ahead and how best to tackle it. At this stage, looking to a strong leader for guidance is vital. The storming stage is when the initial excitement and good grace has run out.

Storming is the next of the stages of group development. This is when coworkers begin to break free from the boundaries established in the forming stage. Storming usually starts where a conflict between team members’ internal working styles and ethics comes up.

Members of the group who like the routine or who have developed good working relationships with coworkers find this stage extremely difficult. Forming is the first of the stages of group development when the team has been newly formed. Team members could be anxious or excited about the project and the opportunities that lie ahead. A leader has to play an important role at this stage because the role and responsibilities of the group are not yet clear. If you’re looking to build and motivate a high-performing team, you can use American psychology professor Bruce Tuckman’s 1965 model of group development.

The performing stage is where your team can hit its stride. Each team member understands everyone’s strengths and weaknesses and they are familiar enough with each other to help. Your team can get into the groove of working together towards a common goal.

Geef een reactie

Het e-mailadres wordt niet gepubliceerd. Vereiste velden zijn gemarkeerd met *